CERC news http://www.cerc.co.uk CERC news en-us 2021 Cambridge Environmental Research Consultants Ltd.Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 GMT Breathe London Pilot network extended into the COVID-19 recovery period http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=354#news354 <p>The <a href="https://www.breathelondonpilot.org/" title="Go to Breathe London Pilot page" target="_blank">Breathe London Pilot</a> network of static AQMesh air quality sensors has been extended into the COVID-19 recovery period. This will create a fully validated dataset covering the latest phases of the recovery. Furthermore, it will provide critical analysis, including source apportionment and emission index quantification, and data assimilation to determine emissions during the recovery phase where unprecedented changes in pollutant sources are occurring. The methodologies and techniques have wide applicability for air quality monitoring, analysis and policy beyond London and would inform similar issues elsewhere in the UK. The measurement data from the sensors is available on <a href="https://www.breathelondonpilot.org/" title="Go to Breathe London Pilot page" target="_blank">www.breathelondonpilot.org</a>.</p> <p>The Breathe London Pilot project was a 2-year project funded by the Clean Air Fund and delivered by a consortium led by Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) and including the current partners (University of Cambridge, CERC, ACOEM and NPL). The Breathe London Pilot network has been extended into the COVID-19 recovery period under a <a href="http://gotw.nerc.ac.uk/list_full.asp?pcode=NE%2FV018108%2F1" title="Go to NERC grant page" target="_blank">NERC grant</a>.</p> <br /><br /><img src="http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/assets/news/CERC20210331-AQMeshPodLondon5.jpg" width="243" height="300"/> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=354#news354 Wed, 31 Mar 2021 00:00:00 GMT CERC presenting on elevated roads at DMUG 2021 http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=353#news353 <p><a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/" title="Go to CERC homepage">CERC</a> are pleased to be involved in the <a href="https://iaqm.co.uk/" title="Access IAQM website" target="_blank">Institute of Air Quality Management</a>&#39;s Dispersion Modellers User Group (<a href="https://iaqm.co.uk/event/dmug2021/" title="Access DMUG 2021 website" target="_blank">DMUG 2021</a>) meeting, which has been rescheduled from last year due to COVID 19 and will take place on Wednesday 24<sup>th</sup> February 2021. This &#39;unapologetically technical conference&#39; allows Dr Jenny Stocker to share details of the latest developments in the <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/Roads" title="Go to ADMS-Roads page">ADMS-Roads</a> model to improve the representation of dispersion of pollutants from elevated roads. These developments were sponsored by <a href="https://highwaysengland.co.uk/" title="Access Highways England website" target="_blank">Highways England</a> under an <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/news/highways-england-unveils-successful-air-quality-and-innovation-competition-entries" title="Access Gov UK website" target="_blank">SBRI competition</a> to support innovations to tackle air quality around the country&#39;s motorways and major A roads.</p> <p>The meeting features a number of <a href="https://iaqm.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/DMUG-2020-draft-programme_online-8.pdf" title="Access linked document" target="_blank">topical presentations</a>, including Simon Gant (<a href="https://www.hse.gov.uk/" title="Access HSE website" target="_blank">HSE</a>) presenting &#39;An introduction to the latest dispersion modelling guidelines&#39; and <a href="https://www.glynrhys-tyler.com/home.html" title="Access Glyn Rhys-Tyler webpage" target="_blank">Glyn Rhys-Tyler</a> discussing &#39;Light vehicle dynamics and NO<sub>x</sub> emissions on the motorway network&#39;. <a href="https://www.the-ies.org/form/iaqm-dmug-2021" title="Access IES website" target="_blank">Registration</a> for this online conference is open until 22<sup>nd</sup> February.</p><br /><br /><img src="http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/assets/news/CERC20210218_DMUG.jpg" width="350" height="185"/> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=353#news353 Thu, 18 Feb 2021 00:00:00 GMT Advanced street canyon model derivation and validation published http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=352#news352 <p><a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/" title="Go to CERC homepage">CERC</a>&#39;s article specifying a detailed derivation of the <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/Urban" title="Go to ADMS-Urban page">ADMS-Urban</a> and <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/Roads" title="Go to ADMS-Roads page">ADMS-Roads</a> advanced street canyon model has been published in the <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10962247.2020.1803158" title="Access JAWMA website" target="_blank">Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association</a>. The advanced street canyon model feature has been included in the ADMS-Urban and ADMS-Roads models since the release of version 4.0 in 2015 and is now widely used by the ADMS modelling community.</p> <p>The paper also includes the results of validation studies comparing advanced street canyon, non-canyon and basic canyon modelled concentrations with measurements recorded within three individual European street canyons from the <a href="https://www.dmu.dk/atmosphericenvironment/trapos/" title="Access DMU website" target="_blank">TRAPOS</a> study, and with routine air quality monitoring sites across London. The advanced canyon model is shown to have improved performance relative to the basic canyon or non-canyon modelling, particularly in relation to the variation of concentrations with wind direction and prediction of high concentrations.</p> <p>The picture shows a vertical cross-section of annual average NO<sub>2</sub> concentrations at the <a href="https://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/networks/site-info?site_id=MY1" title="Access Defra website" target="_blank">Marylebone Road</a> monitoring site in London for 2012. The monitored value is shown in a diamond with the corresponding colour.</p> <p>CERC are currently investigating and developing the advanced street canyon model for a wider range of street canyon configurations, in relation to monitoring data from the UK and <a href="http://praise.ust.hk/" title="Access PRAISE website" target="_blank">Hong Kong</a>. Details of other publications relating to CERC&#39;s research are given on the <a href="http://www.cerc.co.uk/publications" title="Go to CERC co-author publications page">CERC co-author publications</a> page.</p> <br /><br /><img src="http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/assets/news/CERC20210209_Advanced_canyon.png" width="365" height="260"/> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=352#news352 Tue, 09 Feb 2021 00:00:00 GMT Webinar: how can data supercharge efforts to lower air pollution in cities? http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=350#news350 <p>Public webinar Tuesday 9 Feb 16:00-17:00 GMT</p> <p>The evidence is clear: air pollution has severe health impacts around the world. New technology is allowing us to map pollution street-by-street, identify hotspots and share unprecedented amounts of air quality data. The Breathe London pilot was an ambitious two-year project that measured pollution across the city using 100 lower-cost sensor &#39;pods&#39; and specially-equipped Google Street View cars, serving as a world-leading example of how emerging technology can help accelerate clean air action. <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/" title="Go to CERC homepage">CERC</a> was a partner in the pilot project, providing the public project <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/environmental-research/web-platforms.html#BreatheLondon" title="Go to web platforms page">data platform</a> and <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/Urban" title="Go to ADMS-Urban page">ADMS-Urban</a> modelled data and analysis.</p> <p><a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/howdatacansuperchargeeffortstol6759869938946605058/" title="Access LinkedIn website" target="_blank">Join</a> this webinar for a discussion of key lessons from the pilot project and the launch of the Breathe London Blueprint, as well as how new efforts to leverage air quality data are shining a light on pollution at a scale and scope across the globe like never before.</p> <p>Amy Stidworthy from CERC will discuss how the ADMS-Urban model was used in the pilot project to produce detailed, location-specific information on pollution sources and to assess the impact of potential future policies on reducing air pollution in London.</p> <p>Also featuring:<ul><li>Matt Whitney from Clean Air Fund, a philanthropic initiative tackling air pollution around the world</li><li>Elizabeth Fonseca from Environmental Defense Fund Europe, which managed the Breathe London pilot project</li><li>Jeremy Taub from OpenAQ, a platform that is fighting air inequality with open data</li></ul></p> <p>See the <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/events/howdatacansuperchargeeffortstol6759869938946605058/" title="Access LinkedIn website" target="_blank">LinkedIn event page</a> for more information and to register for the webinar.</p><br /><br /><img src="http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/assets/news/CERC20210204_Breathe_London _logo.png" width="295" height="240"/> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=350#news350 Thu, 04 Feb 2021 00:00:00 GMT EFT 10.1 update for EMIT http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=351#news351 <p>Version 10.1 is the latest version of the <a href="https://laqm.defra.gov.uk/review-and-assessment/tools/emissions-factors-toolkit.html" title="Access Defra website" target="_blank">Emissions Factors Toolkit</a> (EFT) released by the UK Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs and the Devolved Administrations. Details of the changes for this version are given on page 5 of the <a href="https://laqm.defra.gov.uk/documents/EFTv10.1-user-guide-v1.0.pdf" title="Access Defra website" target="_blank">EFT user guide</a>.</p> <p>We have processed the new EFT and published an update for <a href="https://cerc.co.uk/EMIT" title="Go to EMIT page">EMIT</a> on the <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/software-support/user-area/other-downloads.html" title="Go to other downloads page">Other downloads</a> page of our User Area. If you are registered, you can go straight to the <a href="https://cerc.sharefile.com/home/shared/fo6b1af5-5bf9-4187-b3f8-f34797df0ad3" title="Access Sharefile webpage" target="_blank">download folder</a>. If you are not registered, follow the instructions on the User Area <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/UserArea" title="Go to User area page">main page</a>.</p> <p>EMIT is our comprehensive emissions inventory tool for:</p> <ul><li>Source apportionment: quantifying emissions contributions from particular road vehicles such as diesel cars</li><li>Simple, fast emissions calculations across large urban areas for dispersion modelling with <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/Urban" title="Go to ADMS-Urban page">ADMS-Urban</a></li><li>Consistent, verifiable and traceable emission calculations with all input and output data in a single file</li><li>Importing and exporting data in ArcGIS shape file or CSV file format</li></ul> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=351#news351 Thu, 04 Feb 2021 00:00:00 GMT 2020 ADMS User Group Meetings &#8211; recordings of CERC presentations are available to view http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=349#news349 <p>Following last year&#39;s ADMS User Group Meetings, which took place online on 18 and 19 November, recordings of the CERC presentations are now available to <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/software-support/user-area/usergrouppresentations.html" title="Go to user group presentations page">view</a> in the CERC website User Area, alongside these are PDF copies of all the presentations. Model users with a valid support contract, including all annual licence holders, are entitled to register for password-protected access to the User Area. To register, or to be reminded of your password, click <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/software-support/user-area.php" title="Go to user area page">here</a>.</p> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=349#news349 Mon, 25 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMT Highways England sponsor ADMS-Roads elevated roads development http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=348#news348 <p>CERC have enhanced <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/adms-roads" title="Go to ADMS-Roads model page">ADMS-Roads</a> to address the air pollution from elevated roads within the Highways England <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/roads-managed-by-highways-england" title="Access GOV UK website" target="_blank">Strategic Roads Network (SRN)</a>. ADMS-Roads is the most widely used air dispersion modelling tool for predicting concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO<sub>2</sub>) and other pollutants near roads on the SRN. This project will have far-reaching influence as ADMS-Roads becomes the first commonly-used tool to include the significant effects of wind flow around flyovers on pollution impact for local populations.</p> <p>Highways England, in partnership with Innovate UK, funded these scientific developments through an <a href="https://www.gov.uk/government/news/highways-england-unveils-successful-air-quality-and-innovation-competition-entries" title="Access GOV UK website" target="_blank">SBRI competition</a> to support innovations to tackle air quality around the country&#39;s motorways and major A roads. Chris Hogan, Air Quality Designated Fund Programme Manager at Highways England, said &#34;This very successful project exemplifies a great benefit of the innovation competition, which is that it enables our technical specialists to engage directly with external experts to create solutions well adapted to our needs.&#34;</p> <p>Full details of the project findings are given in the <a href="https://s3.eu-west-2.amazonaws.com/assets.highwaysengland.co.uk/Knowledge+Compendium/Tool+to+assess+air+quality+impacts+of+elevated+roads+within+the+Strategic+Road+Network.pdf" title="Read project report" target="_blank">project report</a>. Chris Hogan and CERC&#39;s Mark Jackson discussed the project and the SBRI initiative at a panel discussion in the Highways UK conference (<a href="https://youtu.be/k3aq7tTiELY" title="Access Youtube website" target="_blank">view video</a>).</p> <p>CERC have provided Highways England with the new feature. CERC will also roll it out to all ADMS-Roads and ADMS-Urban users shortly.</p> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=348#news348 Fri, 11 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT Regional-to-local scale air quality modelling for Ireland http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=346#news346 <p>The <a href="https://www.epa.ie/" title="Access Irish EPA website" target="_blank">Irish Environmental Protection Agency</a> has contracted <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/" title="Go to CERC homepage">CERC</a> to undertake regional-to-local scale air quality modelling for Ireland in order to generate air quality maps for the whole country.</p> <p>The project will couple regional and local scale models using CERC&#39;s <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/RML" title="Go to RML page">ADMS-Urban Regional Model Link</a>. This will combine regional modelling undertaken by the <a href="https://www.ceh.ac.uk/" title="Access CEH website" target="_blank">UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology</a> using the <a href="https://www.mmm.ucar.edu/weather-research-and-forecasting-model" title="Access WRF website" target="_blank">Weather Research and Forecasting</a> (WRF) mesoscale meteorological model and the <a href="https://emep.int/mscw/" title="Access EMEP website" target="_blank">EMEP</a> regional chemical transport model, with local modelling carried out using CERC&#39;s street-scale resolution air quality modelling tool, <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/ADMS-Urban" title="Go to ADMS-Urban model page">ADMS-Urban</a>.</p> <p>The modelling will use gridded <a href="https://projects.au.dk/mapeire/" title="Access MapEIRE website" target="_blank">MapEIRE</a> emission data, compiled by the Department of Environmental Science at <a href="https://envs.au.dk/en/" title="Access Aarhus University website" target="_blank">Aarhus University</a> in Denmark, as input to both the local and regional scale modelling. CERC will also develop a local-scale emissions inventory for the five main cities in Ireland (Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Waterford and Galway) and Ireland&#39;s major road network using <a href="https://www.cerc.co.uk/EMIT" title="Go to EMIT model page">EMIT</a>.</p> <p>This project builds on the success of CERC&#39;s previous <a href="http://www.epa.ie/pubs/reports/air/quality/Urban_Environmental_Indicators_2019.pdf" title="Access linked document" target="_blank">Dublin air quality modelling work</a> for the EPA, which was widely reported by local and national media. CERC will also provide training in air pollution mitigation strategy assessment for the EPA air quality team, allowing them to take the work forward.</p> <p>The <a href="https://cerc.co.uk/about-us/assets/news/CERC20201117_Ireland_NO2_map_large.jpg" title="View image">figure</a> shows 2017 annual average NO<sub>2</sub> concentrations modelled using ADMS-Urban as part of the earlier study.</p> <br /><br /><img src="http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/assets/news/CERC20201117_Ireland_NO2_map_small.jpg" width="450" height="310"/> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=346#news346 Tue, 17 Nov 2020 00:00:00 GMT ADMS User Group Meetings, Online, 18-19 November 2020: Draft agendas now available http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=345#news345 <p>The <a href="https://cerc.co.uk/software-support/assets/data/ugmflyers/ADMSUGM2020_DraftAgenda.pdf" title="Access linked document">draft agendas</a> for this year&#39;s ADMS User Group Meetings are now available. <a href="https://admsugm2020.eventbrite.co.uk/" title="Access Eventbrite website" target="_blank">Tickets are available to order through Eventbrite</a> until 23:30 on Sunday 15th November and cover the full two-day event. Organisations with a valid software support contract are entitled to one or more tickets free of charge depending on the type of licence held. Meeting connection details will be sent to registered participants before the event.</p> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=345#news345 Thu, 22 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT ADMS 5 online training now available http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=344#news344 <p>CERC are now offering online training for the model ADMS 5. Two sets of dates are available in November; please refer to the <a href="http://cerc.co.uk/software-support/training/dates-rates.html" title="Go to Dates and rates page">Training page</a> for specific dates and prices. If you are interested in attending online ADMS 5 training, please email <a href="mailto:training@cerc.co.uk" title="Email training@cerc.co.uk">training@cerc.co.uk</a>.</p> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=344#news344 Tue, 20 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT Consultancy Position http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=341#news341 <p>We are seeking a full-time Air Quality / Environmental Consultant to join the <a href="http://www.cerc.co.uk/" title="Go to CERC homepage">CERC</a> consultancy team.</p> <p>The successful candidate will be working on different types of consultancy projects, as well as supporting our customers through our model helpdesk service and training courses.</p> <p>For more details see the <a href="http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/jobs_files/Job_description_consultant.pdf" title="Access linked document">job description</a>. The closing date is 23 Oct 2020.</p> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=341#news341 Thu, 08 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT Registration is now open for the ADMS User Group Meetings, 18&#8211;19 November 2020, Online http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=343#news343 <p>The annual ADMS User Group Meetings are a great opportunity to hear the latest ADMS model news and advice from CERC consultants and model developers and to hear talks by model users about their own applications of the software. Normally held as two one-day meetings, with one day for ADMS 5 users and one day for ADMS-Urban & ADMS-Roads users, this year due to the COVID-19 pandemic we are holding a two-day meeting online for all users of ADMS software.</p> <p><a href="https://admsugm2020.eventbrite.co.uk/" title="Access Eventbrite website" target="_blank">Tickets are available to order through Eventbrite</a> until 23:30 on Sunday 15th November and cover the full two-day event. Organisations with a valid software support contract are entitled to one or more tickets free of charge depending on the type of licence held. Meeting connection details will be sent to registered participants before the event. The draft programme will be published soon.</p><br /><br /><img src="http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/assets/news/CERC20201008_UGM.jpg" width="340" height="255"/> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=343#news343 Thu, 08 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT Clean Air Day &#8211; 8th October http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=342#news342 <p>The 8<sup>th</sup> October 2020 is Clean Air Day, a UK-wide campaign to improve public understanding of air pollution and its effects on our health, while promoting easy actions we can take to help tackle it. We are encouraged to make a pledge to reduce air pollution on this day, such as working from home, giving cars a day off or avoiding domestic fires. CERC staff are continuing to work from home almost every day, due to COVID-19 restrictions, while contributing to scientific and public understanding of air pollution.</p> <p>During the COVID-19 lockdown we experienced cleaner air due to widespread shifts to low pollution behaviours. <a href="http://cerc.co.uk/" title="Go to CERC homepage">CERC</a> quantified emission reductions in London using inverse modelling techniques, with emissions up to mid-July remaining at less than 50% of average levels from January to early March (see <a href="http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/assets/news/CERC20200731_London_NOx_large.png" target="_blank" title="View image">figure</a>). CERC&#39;s air quality forecasting services including <a href="http://airtext.info/" title="Access airTEXT website" target="_blank"><em>air</em>TEXT</a> for Greater London, Chelmsford, Colchester and Cambridge inform the public of the daily variation in air quality, along with high-resolution maps which can be used to identify lower-pollution routes for active transport in their local area.</p> <p>The online event <a href="https://www.cleanairday.org.uk/clean-air-day-live" title="Access Clean Air Day website" target="_blank">Clean Air Day Live</a> will include a special focus on the relationship between coronavirus and air pollution, and the new possibilities our changed habits have opened up for the future. To find out more, go to <a href="http://www.cleanairday.org.uk/" title="Access Clean Air Day website" target="_blank">www.cleanairday.org.uk</a>, or tweet @cleanairdayuk #CleanAirDay to get involved.</p><br /><br /><img src="http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/assets/news/CERC20201007_Clean_Air_Day.png" width="400" height="200"/> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=342#news342 Wed, 07 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT ADMS-Roads online training now available http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=340#news340 <p>CERC are now offering online training for the model ADMS-Roads. Several dates are available in the coming months; please refer to the <a href="http://cerc.co.uk/software-support/training/dates-rates.html" title="Go to Dates and rates page">Training page</a> for specific dates and prices. If you are interested in attending online ADMS-Roads training, please email <a href="mailto:training@cerc.co.uk" title="Email training@cerc.co.uk">training@cerc.co.uk</a>.</p> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=340#news340 Wed, 16 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT 27% of schools are in areas exceeding WHO air quality guidelines http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=339#news339 <p>New <a href="https://www.blf.org.uk/media-centre/press-releases/more-than-25-of-all-british-schools-nurseries-and-colleges-surrounded-by" title="Access British Lung Foundation website" target="_blank">analysis</a> by Cambridge Environmental Research Consultants (<a href="http://www.cerc.co.uk/" title="Go to CERC homepage">CERC</a>) found that 8,549 educational establishments (27% of all schools, nurseries and colleges) are situated in areas which exceed recommended air pollution guidelines. CERC, commissioned by Asthma UK and the British Lung Foundation, found that these establishments are in areas with average levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) that are above the guideline recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO) (10&mu;g/m<sup>3</sup> for the annual average).</p> <p>CERC used existing modelled PM2.5 data published by the UK Government as part of their responsibilities under the Environment Act 1995. CERC used predicted annual average PM2.5 data for 2019; these data do not include effects from the COVID-19 &#39;lockdown&#39;. These data have a spatial resolution of 1 km x 1 km, and therefore represent &#39;background&#39; levels of PM2.5. These data give a representative indication of expected PM2.5 levels across the whole of the UK at sufficient resolution to provide good evidence; however they do not capture hyperlocal spatial variations in PM2.5 levels caused by road traffic.</p> <p>The research covers England, Scotland and Wales. Postcodes for schools were extracted from the Scottish government school statistics and the English and Welsh government register of schools and colleges. In total, 31,979 schools and colleges were included.</p> <p>Asthma UK and the British Lung Foundation want the government to commit to a stronger and safer new legal limit for PM2.5 in the Environment Bill in line with WHO guidelines.</p> http://www.cerc.co.uk/about-us/news.php?newsitem=339#news339 Fri, 11 Sep 2020 00:00:00 GMT