EMIT is an Emissions Inventory Tool. EMIT can be used to store, manipulate and assess emissions data from a variety of sources.
Emissions data held in EMIT can be used for:
The data used in all these environmental assessments must be consistent and traceable—EMIT can help to do this.
EMIT is particularly useful for emission-reduction scenario testing, for example to investigate the effect of Low Emission Zones and Home Zones in urban areas, and ways of reducing greenhouse gas emissions as a step towards meeting Agenda 21 or Kyoto targets.
All users of ADMS-Urban and ADMS-Airport are highly recommended to use EMIT to manipulate the typically large quantities of data involved in these types of modelling. ADMS-Roads users will also find that EMIT speeds up the input and manipulation of emissions data for dispersion modelling. Current users of EMIT include government bodies and local authorities across the United Kingdom and elsewhere, as well as commercial organisations and research institutions.
It is straightforward to set up an emissions inventory in EMIT, for example for a Base Case year.
The tree-like structure of the database makes it easy to plan what sources are going to be included in your inventory, and what associated data are available.
Detailed, up-to-date emission factors allow the calculation of emissions from all source types of interest.
The EMIT Mapper (or ArcView) can be used to view and assess the emissions calculated by EMIT to highlight data errors—either numerical, or geographical.
Emission totals are calculated, viewed and exported to other packages for use in various environmental assessments.
Once a base case emissions inventory has been set up in EMIT, it is straightforward to investigate various scenarios, for example:
When local authorities develop air quality action plans, an important aspect is estimating the emissions consequences of traffic management schemes. EMIT has been specifically designed to help with this task. The figure below is a schematic diagram showing an approach for investigating the effectiveness of traffic management schemes. You may want to consider the effect on emissions of:
As a step towards meeting Agenda 21 or Kyoto targets, it is increasingly important to assess greenhouse gas emissions and to consider ways of reducing them. EMIT can be used to:
Emissions from the domestic sector are of particular interest with regard to greenhouse gases. EMIT includes a module to estimate CO2 emissions from domestic dwellings based on the Government's Standard Assessment Procedure for Energy Rating of Dwellings. This allows users to estimate CO2 emissions by specifying five housing parameters: